Greek MythologyMyths

Who Are Titans in Greek Mythology?

3 Mins read

In Greek mythology, the Titans had been a group of twelve immortal brothers and sisters. They had been among the many first Greek gods. Although they had been changed by more acquainted figures, like Zeus, the Titans performed an essential position in Greek mythology and helped the Greeks to elucidate natural phenomena like earthquakes or the event of instruments such as fire for cooking and heating one’s home.

According to legend, the Titans had been the children of Gaia, Mother Earth, and her husband, Uranus, the god of the sky. Gaia and Uranus had produced six children before Gaia gave delivery to the Titans. Their first children had been monstrous and terrifying creatures, together with three one-eyed Cyclopes and three Hundred-Handed Giants. Uranus was terrified of the dreadful children he had produced, and he banished them to the deepest pit in Tartarus, the underworld.

The twelve Titans had been the subsequent children of Gaia and Uranus, they usually had been as stunning as the first children had been hideous. Uranus cherished the Titans and granted them many magical powers. The Titans and their children had been the first true Greek gods, and the Greeks believed they managed many elements of the natural world. For instance, Helios drove the chariot that pulled the sun throughout the sky from east to west. His sister, Selene, pulled the moon throughout the skies at night time. Other gods managed the rivers and the oceans.

Read About: The Nature of Gods in Greek Mythology

In time, Cronus, the youngest of the Titan children, changed Uranus as the leader of the immortal gods. Cronus was married to his sister, Rhea. Cronus and Rhea had a number of children; nonetheless, like his father, Cronus was terrified of his children – and so every time Rhea gave delivery, Cronus swallowed the infant entire. Rhea was distraught by the lack of her children, so she petitioned Gaia for help. The subsequent time Rhea gave delivery, Gaia hid the infant, Zeus, deep in a cave. Rhea then gave Cronus a rock wrapped in baby blankets, which he swallowed instantly.

In time, the infant Zeus grew into a powerful younger god. One day, with the assistance of his mom, Zeus snuck into Cronus’ residence and pretended to be a servant. When Cronus known as for a drink, Zeus introduced him one laced with poison. Cronus grew to become violently ailing and vomited up every of the children he had swallowed, who had been now absolutely grown gods. Zeus and his brothers and sisters united in opposition to Cronus and the other Titans, and the 2 sets of gods battled for supremacy.

The Ancient Greeks believed that the unusual rumblings and actions of the earth throughout an earthquake resulted from the Titans, searching for a way out of their darkish prison. Some of the Titans who had not helped Cronus in battle remained free. Zeus’ mother, Rhea, continued to dwell along with her children on Mount Olympus, the house of the new era of gods, referred to as the Olympians.

The Birth of Humans and Titans

One of the Titans who remained free, Prometheus, created mortal women and men from clay to populate the earth. Prometheus was renowned for his creative nature and for his impulsive actions. For instance, after he created humanity, the Greek gods demanded that the new beings sacrifice to reward them. Initially, people made lavish sacrifices; nonetheless, they rapidly discovered that giving their finest meats meant their families went hungry.

It maddened Prometheus on the starvation his people experienced, and so he taught the people a new trick. Prometheus invited Zeus to decide on the sacrifice he and the other gods would like. The people introduced two completely different platters of meats for the god to select from. One was crammed with lengthy stringy meats, whereas the other seemed to be scrumptious fatty steaks; nonetheless, contained in the layer of steak, there have been solely bones.

Upon seeing the attractive meat, Zeus promptly pronounced it the popular sacrifice and devoured it up. After he ate it, Zeus realized he had been tricked into consuming a sacrifice that was solely superficially good. Although he was offended, people continued to maintain the most effective meats for themselves and served the gods bones lined in fats.

After the trickery with the bones, Zeus was offended, and he forbade humanity from utilizing the sacred fire to prepare dinner their meals and heat themselves. Again, Prometheus grew to become involved, and so he crept into Mount Olympus, stole the sacred hearth and introduced it to the people. Zeus was livid on the continued meddling of Prometheus, and he had him chained to a mountain. Each day, a bird would come and eat out his organs, however because he was an immortal Titan, his organs would regrow every night time. In a distinct legend, the good Greek hero, Hercules, freed Prometheus from his torment, and Prometheus continued to meddle within the affairs of gods and man.

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