Waiting for GodotSummaries

A Brief Summary of Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett

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Waiting for Godot is Beckett’s best-known play, which he wrote in French before translating it into English. It first appeared in 1953 and has since been translated into many languages, including German, Spanish, Russian, Dutch, and Swedish. The play centers on two characters: Vladimir and Estragon. Vladimir seems to have unspecified job or role in society; Estragon only knows that he once had a job but doesn’t remember what it was. They spend their time waiting for someone. 

Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot is a play that most people in the English-speaking world are, thankfully, familiar with. This is because it is a comedy of sorts and was probably one of the very first plays many of us ever read. But there’s another reason that Beckett’s work has become such an indispensable part of our literary lives: it is hard to understand.

Summary of Waiting for Godot

Vladimir and Estragon wait by a tree for someone who never comes. They discuss their lives, share anecdotes, and worry about what would happen if the person doesn’t show. They consider hanging themselves to avoid the shame of being thought a fool. One of them declares that their quest is in vain, and they’ve been waiting for Godot long enough. They dream of “a boot shining in some distant corner”, but their dreams never come true – they go on waiting forever.

The play is set in a barren, deserted landscape that is never given a definite location. It is a single act consisting of three scenes. The first scene represents an unspecified time and place in the past, where the two vagrants are waiting by a tree for someone to arrive and relieve them of their misery. They bicker about there being no such person, but just as they are about to leave, another man appears who introduces himself as Godot. He seems to know why the two men are waiting and offers them hope of work at his nearby farm should they hear from him again.

In the second scene, Vladimir and Estragon have been living on that same tree for some time with no relief in sight. They speculate what could have happened to Godot and wonder if his not appearing means he has abandoned them. Estragon declares that nothing will make him move from the tree. The other two characters in the play serve as observers: Pozzo and Lucky. Pozzo is an elderly man who has lost his sight and mobility, while Lucky is a younger boy who spends his time trying to please his master. The two men appear out of nowhere at different points in the play.

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Godot, the protagonist of the play, is never seen but only referred to as “Godot.” He has been waiting for someone who will never be coming. Godot’s servant, Estragon, has also been waiting. Vladimir and Estragon are two men who seek meaning and purpose in their lives while they wait for Godot. They argue with one another, contemplate suicide, and take turns trying to convince each other that the day must be saved.

Vladimir and Estragon are two men who are waiting for a man named Godot. They were told that he would come by at some point in the day, but no one had any idea of when. When the night falls and Godot still hasn’t arrived, they decide to head back home. They only make it a few feet before they must turn back around, because they realize that they don’t know where their home is, so they can’t leave without knowing where it is. The play is in two acts, and with a cast of only five characters (excluding Pozzo and Lucky who are onstage but silent) the plot is both minimalistic and ambiguous.

As the two acts go on, it becomes clear that this is a waiting game as Vladimir is waiting for Godot to show up; though what he is waiting for isn’t clear. We never learn much about Godot; all we know is that he will relieve their boredom. Strangely, the play ends when he finally arrives. The question of who or what Godot is has been debated for years. Some people see him as an allegory for God, while others say that he represents death.

Structure of the Play

The play is divided into two acts. The first act is set on the eve of a festival, the second act takes place the day after. The climax of the play occurs at its end when the protagonist, Vladimir, finds himself alone in front of an audience that has left. Most critics agree that Godot is not an individual but rather an idea – representing humanity’s search for meaning or purpose in life.


Waiting for Godot is a play that was written in 1949. It takes place on a country road and deals with the suspense of waiting. The entirety of the play is based on this one idea, and there are no other major plot points. The two main characters are Vladimir and Estragon, who are waiting for Godot to arrive. 

Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot is not a play for the light-hearted. As they wait, they meet a series of other people including Pozzo and Lucky, and act out their narrative with jesters, poets, and beggars as well. Themes of mortality as well as questions of what constitutes existence pervade the play. Ultimately Vladimir and Estragon decide to leave in the end, concluding that “nothing happens.”

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